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Can J Exp Psychol. 2011 Dec;65(4):229-35. doi: 10.1037/a0025406. Epub 2011 Sep 12.

Reshaping the mind: the benefits of bilingualism.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ellenb@yorku.ca

Abstract

Studies have shown that bilingual individuals consistently outperform their monolingual counterparts on tasks involving executive control. The present paper reviews some of the evidence for this conclusion and relates the findings to the effect of bilingualism on cognitive organisation and to conceptual issues in the structure of executive control. Evidence for the protective effect of bilingualism against Alzheimer's disease is presented with some speculation about the reason for that protection.

PMID:
21910523
PMCID:
PMC4341987
DOI:
10.1037/a0025406
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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