Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Trends Cogn Sci. 2011 Oct;15(10):467-74. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2011.08.004. Epub 2011 Sep 9.

Memory distortion: an adaptive perspective.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. dls@wjh.harvard.edu

Abstract

Memory is prone to distortions that can have serious consequences in everyday life. Here we integrate emerging evidence that several types of memory distortions - imagination inflation, gist-based and associative memory errors, and post-event misinformation - reflect adaptive cognitive processes that contribute to the efficient functioning of memory, but produce distortions as a consequence of doing so. We consider recent cognitive and neuroimaging studies that link these distortions with adaptive processes, including simulation of future events, semantic and contextual encoding, creativity, and memory updating. We also discuss new evidence concerning factors that can influence the occurrence of memory distortions, such as sleep and retrieval conditions, as well as conceptual issues related to the development of an adaptive perspective.

PMID:
21908231
PMCID:
PMC3183109
DOI:
10.1016/j.tics.2011.08.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center