Send to

Choose Destination
Diabetes Care. 1990 May;13(5):478-82.

Incidence and significance of islet cell antibodies in women with previous gestational diabetes.

Author information

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington.


Islet cell antibodies (ICAs) are markers for patients at risk for insulin-dependent diabetes and are associated with progressive beta-cell destruction. This prospective study was performed to estimate the incidence of these antibodies in 187 women with previous gestational diabetes. With a specific protein A monoclonal antibody (MoAb) assay, the incidence of ICAs was only 1.6% (3 of 187). Oral and intravenous glucose tolerance tests were performed in these 3 women and compared with 6 women with previous gestational diabetes without ICAs and 5 control women. Glucose tolerance was impaired only in the 3 women with ICAs, who also had an increase (P less than 0.03) in fasting plasma glucose and a decrease (P less than 0.03) in early first-phase insulin response. We conclude that the more specific MoAb method indicates a lower incidence of ICA in women with a history of gestational diabetes than previously reported and that a decreased first-phase insulin response is associated with the presence of ICAs, suggesting progressive islet cell damage.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center