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J Anim Breed Genet. 2011 Oct;128(5):366-75. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0388.2011.00927.x. Epub 2011 Apr 20.

Fine-mapping of quantitative trait loci for body weight and bone traits and positional cloning of the RB1 gene in chicken.

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1
College of Animal Science and Technology, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China.  

Abstract

Previously, a quantitative trait locus (QTL) that affects body weight (BW) at 4-12 weeks of age and carcass weight at 12 weeks of age had been mapped on chicken chromosome 1. After including more markers and individuals, the confidence interval was narrowed down to approximately 5.5 Mbps and located this QTL near a microsatellite marker (ADL328). This QTL is the same as the QTL for 12 bone traits, including metatarsus length and metatarsus circumference at 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 weeks of age and keel length and metatarsus claw weight at 12 weeks of age, that was identified using the same population. In the current study, 1010 individuals from the Northeast Agricultural University F(2) resource population were used and 14 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) around ADL328 were developed to construct haplotypes, and an association analysis was performed to fine-map the QTL. The haplotypes were constructed on the basis of a sliding 'window', with three SNP markers included in each 'window'. The association analysis results indicated that the haplotypes in 'windows' 6-12 were significantly associated with BW and bone traits and suggested that the QTL for BW and bone traits was located between SNP8 and SNP14 or was in linkage disequilibrium with this region. The interval from SNP8 to SNP14 was approximately 400 kbps. This region contained five RefSeq genes (RB1, P2RY5, FNDC3A, MLNR and CAB39L) on the University of California Santa Cruz website. The RB1 gene was selected as a candidate gene and five SNPs were identified in the gene. The association results indicated that the RB1 gene was a major gene for BW and bone traits. The SNPs g.39692 G>A and g.77260 A>G in RB1 gene might be two quantitative trait nucleotides for BW and bone traits.

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