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Med Pregl. 2011 Mar-Apr;64(3-4):234-8.

[Cardiopulmonary resuscitation through centuries].

[Article in Serbian]

Author information

1
Zavod za hitnu medicinsku pomoć, Kragujevac. drgaja@sbb.rs

Abstract

THE ANCIENT TIMES:

Many early civilisations left testimonies about ancient times and resuscitation, as well. Some of them did it successfully and some of them did it less successfully; however, all of them wished to help a dying person and to bring him back to life. The first trustworthy note can be found in the Bible--Old Testament as a very realistic description of resuscitation of a child.

THE MIDDLE AGES:

The medieval scientists, Paracelsus and Vesalius, described first successful resuscitation attempts in the 15th and 16th century. These two men successfully applied ventilation methods by air inflation with blacksmith bellows.

THE MODERN ERA:

The first defibrillation was recorded in the 18th century in England, which was conducted by one of the volunteer society members. With the development of mechanics and techniques, the first precursors of modern respirators were introduced in the 19th century. The age of modern cardiopulmonary resuscitation began in the middle of 20th century, when Dr Peter Safar brought in the combination of artificial ventilation and chest compressions as the standard for implementing resuscitation. Adrenalin and defibrillation were introduced into the resuscitation techniques by Dr Redding and Dr Kouwenhaven, respectively; thus beginning the advance life support administration, which has been applied, with minor changes, until today.

PMID:
21905608
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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