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Hum Vaccin. 2011 Jun;7(6):646-53. Epub 2011 Jun 1.

The first use of an investigational multicomponent meningococcal serogroup B vaccine (4CMenB) in humans.

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Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics, Cambridge, MA, USA.



Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B is a well-recognized cause of bacterial meningitis and sepsis for which no broadly protective vaccine exists. Whole genome sequencing was used to identify three antigens: factor H binding protein (fHbp), Neisserial adhesin A (NadA), and Neisseria heparin binding antigen (NHBA) for an investigational vaccine candidate (rMenB). This was the first trial of an investigational multicomponent meningococcal serogroup B vaccine (4CMenB), containing rMenB and outer membrane vesicles (OMV) from the New Zealand epidemic strain in humans.


Seventy adults enrolled and received study vaccine. All vaccines were generally well tolerated. Immune responses were observed to multiple serogroup B strains following all investigational vaccines, suggesting the potential for broad coverage against this serogroup. Immunogenicity was enhanced by the addition of OMV; the 4CMenB displayed the optimal profile for further investigation.


In a phase I, observer blind, randomized trial, healthy adults (18-40 years of age) were randomized 2:2:1 to receive 3 doses of 4CMenB, rMenB with OMV from the Norwegian outbreak strain, or rMenB alone. Pre- and postvaccination sera were evaluated in a serum bactericidal assay using human complement (hSBA) against a panel of 15 serogroup B strains, with titers ≥ 4 considered protective. Solicited injection site and systemic reactions were evaluated for 7 days following each vaccination and adverse events were reported throughout the study.


In this trial, 4CMenB displayed a favorable profile for further clinical development. 4CMenB demonstrated immunogenicity against multiple heterologous serogroup B strains. All vaccines were generally well tolerated in this study.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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