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Radiother Oncol. 2012 Jan;102(1):4-9. doi: 10.1016/j.radonc.2011.07.030. Epub 2011 Sep 6.

Preoperative concomitant boost intensity-modulated radiotherapy with oral capecitabine in locally advanced mid-low rectal cancer: a phase II trial.

Author information

1
Department of Radiation Oncology, Beijing Cancer Hospital and Institute, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of preoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with oral capecitabine in patients with locally advanced mid-low rectal cancer using a concomitant boost technique.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Patients with resectable locally advanced mid-low rectal cancer (node-negative ≥T3 or any node-positive tumor) were eligible. The eligible patients received IMRT to 2 dose levels simultaneously (50.6 and 41.8 Gy in 22 fractions) with concurrent capecitabine 825 mg/m(2) twice daily 5 days/week. The primary end point included toxicity, postoperative complication, and pathological complete response rate (ypCR). The secondary endpoints included local recurrence rate, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS).

RESULTS:

Sixty-three eligible patients were enrolled; five patients did not undergo surgery. Of the 58 patients evaluable for pathologic response, the ypCR rate was 31.0% (95% CI 19.1-42.9). Grade 3 toxicities included diarrhea (9.5%), radiation dermatitis (3.2%), and neutropenia (1.6%). There was no Grade 4 toxicity reported. Four (6.9%) patients developed postoperative complications. Two-year local recurrence rate, PFS, and OS were 5.7%, 90.5%, and 96.0%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

The design of preoperative concurrent boost IMRT with oral capecitabine could achieve high rate of ypCR with an acceptable toxicity profile.

PMID:
21903285
DOI:
10.1016/j.radonc.2011.07.030
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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