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Phys Rev Lett. 2011 Aug 12;107(7):074501. Epub 2011 Aug 11.

Fluid flow control with transformation media.

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Center for Metamaterials and Integrated Plasmonics, Pratt School of Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA.

Erratum in

  • Phys Rev Lett. 2011 Oct 28;107(18):189902.


We introduce a new concept for the manipulation of fluid flow around three-dimensional bodies. Inspired by transformation optics, the concept is based on a mathematical idea of coordinate transformations and physically implemented with anisotropic porous media permeable to the flow of fluids. In two situations-for an impermeable object placed either in a free-flowing fluid or in a fluid-filled porous medium-we show that the object can be coated with an inhomogeneous, anisotropic permeable medium, such as to preserve the flow that would have existed in the absence of the object. The proposed fluid flow cloak eliminates downstream wake and compensates viscous drag, hinting at the possibility of novel propulsion techniques.

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