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Pediatr Pulmonol. 2012 Apr;47(4):409-14. doi: 10.1002/ppul.21536. Epub 2011 Sep 7.

Hospital readmissions for newly discharged pediatric home mechanical ventilation patients.

Author information

1
Division of Pediatric Pulmonology, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 94143-0106, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Ventilator-dependent children have complex chronic conditions that put them at risk for acute illness and repeated hospitalizations.

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the 12-month incidence of and risk factors for non-elective readmission in children with chronic respiratory failure (CRF) after initiation on home mechanical ventilation (HMV) via tracheostomy.

METHODS:

A retrospective cohort study of 109 HMV patients initiated and followed at an university-affiliated children's hospital between 2003 and 2009. Patient characteristics are presented using descriptive statistics; generalized estimated equations are used to estimate adjusted odds ratios of select predictor variables for readmission.

RESULTS:

The 12-month incidence of non-elective readmission was 40%. Close to half of these readmissions occurred within the first 3 months post-index discharge. Pneumonia and tracheitis were the most common reasons for readmission; 64% were pulmonary- or tracheostomy-related. Most demographic and clinical patient characteristics were not statistically associated with non-elective readmissions. Although, a change in the child's management within 7 days before discharge was associated readmissions shortly after index discharge.

CONCLUSION:

Non-elective readmissions of newly initiated pediatric HMV patients were common and likely multifactorial. Many of these readmissions were airway-related, and some may have been potentially preventable.

PMID:
21901855
PMCID:
PMC3694986
DOI:
10.1002/ppul.21536
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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