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Int J Oncol. 2012 Jan;40(1):53-62. doi: 10.3892/ijo.2011.1192. Epub 2011 Sep 7.

IKAROS isoform 6 enhances BCR-ABL1-mediated proliferation of human CD34+ hematopoietic cells on stromal cells.

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Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, Mie 514-8507, Japan.


The BCR-ABL1 induces chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and Ph+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Recent studies revealed high ratios of loss of the IKZF1 gene which encodes IKAROS in BCR-ABL1+ ALL and lymphoblastic crisis (LBC) of CML. However, little is known about the cooperativity between the aberrant IKAROS and BCR-ABL1 in primary human hematopoietic cells. We investigated the effects of expression of BCR-ABL1 and/or IK6, a natural dominant negative isoform of IKAROS, on proliferation and differentiation of human CD34+ cord blood cells with or without human bone marrow-derived stromal cells which support early B cell differentiation. Cell proliferation was remarkably enhanced by co-expression of BCR-ABL1 and IK6, with reduced expression of glycophorin A and increased expression of CD41, especially on stromal cells, compared with expression of BCR-ABL1 alone that resulted in expansion of erythroid progenitors. Interestingly, p190BCR-ABL1 showed higher dependency on stromal cells to stimulate cell growth with IK6, than p210BCR-ABL1. Furthermore, the cooperation was found to depend on direct cell adhesive interaction of hematopoietic progenitors with stromal cells. These findings suggest that IK6 and BCR-ABL1 synergistically contribute to leukemogenesis in human bone marrow stromal microenvironment, and may provide a clue to elucidate the mechanisms of leukemogenesis of Ph+ ALL and CML-LBC.

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