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Radiology. 2011 Nov;261(2):560-5. doi: 10.1148/radiol.11101860. Epub 2011 Sep 7.

Idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus: temporal changes in ADC during cardiac cycle.

Author information

1
Division of Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, 5-11-80, Kodatsuno, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920-0942, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine whether temporal changes in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) over the cardiac cycle are different in patients with idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) as compared with patients with ex vacuo ventricular dilatation and healthy control subjects.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This prospective study was approved by the institutional review board and was performed only after informed consent was obtained from each patient. At 1.5 T, electrocardiographically triggered single-shot diffusion echo-planar magnetic resonance imaging (b = 0 and 1000 sec/mm(2)) was performed with sensitivity encoding and half-scan techniques to minimize bulk motion. ΔADC was defined as the difference between maximum and minimum ADC on a pixel-by-pixel basis over 20 phases of the cardiac cycle. Mean ADC during the diastolic phase and ΔADC in the frontal white matter were determined in patients with INPH (n = 13), patients with ex vacuo ventricular dilatation (n = 8), and healthy volunteers (n = 10). Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to determine significance between groups.

RESULTS:

Mean ΔADC in the INPH group was significantly higher than that in the ex vacuo ventricular dilatation and control groups (P < .01 for both). There was no significant difference in ΔADC between the ex vacuo ventricular dilatation and control groups (P = .86). There was no significant difference in mean ADC during the diastolic phase among groups (P > .05 for all). There was no significant correlation between ΔADC and mean ADC during the diastolic phase in any group.

CONCLUSION:

Determination of fluctuation of ADC over the cardiac cycle may render it possible to noninvasively obtain new and more detailed information than that provided by standard ADC measurement in suspected INPH, potentially facilitating the diagnosis of this disease.

PMID:
21900622
DOI:
10.1148/radiol.11101860
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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