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PLoS One. 2011;6(8):e23910. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0023910. Epub 2011 Aug 29.

Understanding original antigenic sin in influenza with a dynamical system.

Author information

1
Department of Bioengineering, Rice University, Houston, Texas, United States of America. keyaop@gmail.com

Abstract

Original antigenic sin is the phenomenon in which prior exposure to an antigen leads to a subsequent suboptimal immune response to a related antigen. Immune memory normally allows for an improved and rapid response to antigens previously seen and is the mechanism by which vaccination works. I here develop a dynamical system model of the mechanism of original antigenic sin in influenza, clarifying and explaining the detailed spin-glass treatment of original antigenic sin. The dynamical system describes the viral load, the quantities of healthy and infected epithelial cells, the concentrations of naïve and memory antibodies, and the affinities of naïve and memory antibodies. I give explicit correspondences between the microscopic variables of the spin-glass model and those of the present dynamical system model. The dynamical system model reproduces the phenomenon of original antigenic sin and describes how a competition between different types of B cells compromises the overall effect of immune response. I illustrate the competition between the naïve and the memory antibodies as a function of the antigenic distance between the initial and subsequent antigens. The suboptimal immune response caused by original antigenic sin is observed when the host is exposed to an antigen which has intermediate antigenic distance to a second antigen previously recognized by the host's immune system.

PMID:
21897863
PMCID:
PMC3163660
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0023910
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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