Send to

Choose Destination
Technol Cancer Res Treat. 2011 Oct;10(5):431-41.

Pre-clinical evaluation of fluorescent deoxyglucose as a topical contrast agent for the detection of Barrett's-associated neoplasia during confocal imaging.

Author information

Department of Bioengineering, Rice University, 6100 Main St., MS 142, Houston, TX 77005, USA.


The availability of confocal endomicroscopy motivates the development of optical contrast agents that can delineate the morphologic and metabolic features of gastrointestinal neoplasia. This study evaluates 2-NBDG, a fluorescent deoxyglucose, the uptake of which is associated with increased metabolic activity, in the identification of Barrett's-associated neoplasia. Surveillance biopsies from patients with varying pathologic grades of Barrett's esophagus were incubated ex vivo at 37°C with 2-NBDG and imaged with a fluorescence confocal microscope. Images were categorized as neoplastic (high grade dysplasia, esophageal adenocarcinoma) or metaplastic (intestinal metaplasia, low grade dysplasia) based on the degree of glandular 2-NBDG uptake. Classification accuracy was assessed using histopathology as the gold standard. Forty-four biopsies were obtained from twenty-six patients; 206 sites were imaged. The glandular mean fluorescence intensity of neoplastic sites was significantly higher than that of metaplastic sites (p<0.001). Chronic inflammation was associated with increased 2-NBDG uptake in the lamina propria but not in glandular epithelium. Sites could be classified as neoplastic or not with 96% sensitivity and 90% specificity based on glandular mean fluorescence intensity. Classification accuracy was not affected by the presence of inflammation. By delineating the metabolic and morphologic features of neoplasia, 2-NBDG shows promise as a topical contrast agent for confocal imaging. Further in vivo testing is needed to determine its performance in identifying neoplasia during confocal endomicroscopic imaging.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center