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Nat Rev Neurol. 2011 Sep 6;7(10):561-72. doi: 10.1038/nrneurol.2011.132.

Cholesterol metabolism in Huntington disease.

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1
Centre for Molecular Medicine and Therapeutics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Abstract

The CNS is rich in cholesterol, which is essential for neuronal development and survival, synapse maturation, and optimal synaptic activity. Alterations in brain cholesterol homeostasis are linked to neurodegeneration. Studies have demonstrated that Huntington disease (HD), a progressive and fatal neurodegenerative disorder resulting from polyglutamine expansion in the huntingtin protein, is associated with changes in cellular cholesterol metabolism. Emerging evidence from human and animal studies indicates that attenuated brain sterol synthesis and accumulation of cholesterol in neuronal membranes represent two distinct mechanisms occurring in the presence of mutant huntingtin that influence neuronal survival. Increased knowledge of how changes in intraneuronal cholesterol metabolism influence the pathogenesis of HD will provide insights into the potential application of brain cholesterol regulation as a therapeutic strategy for this devastating disease.

PMID:
21894212
DOI:
10.1038/nrneurol.2011.132
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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