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Otol Neurotol. 2011 Oct;32(8):1285-90. doi: 10.1097/MAO.0b013e31822e94d9.

Involvement of the anterior semicircular canal in posttraumatic benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo.

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Erlangen University Hospital, Erlangen, Germany. julia.dlugaiczyk@uks.eu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the involvement of the different semicircular canals in posttraumatic benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo (BPPV) with special reference to the anterior canal (AC).

STUDY DESIGN:

Retrospective review.

SETTING:

Tertiary referral center.

PATIENTS:

Seventy-four BPPV patients.

INTERVENTIONS:

Neurotologic assessment with video-oculography; treatment of BPPV with the canalith repositioning procedure appropriate for the affected semicircular canal.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Number of patients with AC, posterior canal (PC), horizontal canal (HC), and multiple-canal involvement in posttraumatic versus idiopathic BPPV.

RESULTS:

85.1% of patients were classified as idiopathic BPPV, whereas 14.9% had a history of posttraumatic BPPV. The prevalence of AC BPPV was significantly higher in the posttraumatic group (27.3%) compared with that in the idiopathic group (3.2%; Fisher's exact test: p = 0.021). Multiple-canal (combined) BPPV was observed more frequently after head trauma (27.3%) compared with the idiopathic form of the disorder (1.6%; p = 0.009). In particular, the risk for combined AC/PC BPPV was greater in posttraumatic than idiopathic cases (odds ratio, 13.78; 95% confidence interval, 1.13-167.8). No significant differences were observed for the involvement of the PC and HC between the two groups. Two cases of combined AC/PC BPPV are presented with particular respect to the underlying trauma mechanism.

CONCLUSION:

Head trauma is a risk factor for AC and combined BPPV, in particular AC/PC BPPV. Involvement of the AC should especially be considered in patients who experienced head trauma resulting in a nonupright position of the body.

PMID:
21892120
DOI:
10.1097/MAO.0b013e31822e94d9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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