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Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2011 Oct 15;21(20):6074-80. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2011.08.053. Epub 2011 Aug 19.

Isomeric acetoxy analogs of celecoxib and their evaluation as cyclooxygenase inhibitors.

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Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2N8.


A group of celecoxib analogs having a SO(2)NH(2) (9a-f), or SO(2)Me (12a-f), COX-2 pharmacophore at the para-position of the N-1 phenyl ring in conjunction with a C-5 phenyl ring having a variety of substituents (4-, 3-, 2-OAc; 4-Me,2-OAc, 4-Me,3-OAc, 4-F,2-OAc) was synthesized for evaluation as cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors of the COX-1/COX-2 isozymes. Within this group of compounds, 1-(4-aminosulfonylphenyl)-3-trifluoromethyl-5-(2-acetoxy-4-fluorophenyl)pyrazole (9f) emerged as the most potent (COX-1 IC(50)=0.7 μM; COX-2 IC(50)=0.015 μM) and selective (COX-2 selectivity index=47) inhibitor agent that exhibited good anti-inflammatory activity (ED(50)=42.3mg/kg) which was lower than the reference drug celecoxib (ED(50)=10.8 mg/kg), but greater than ibuprofen (ED(50)=67.4 mg/kg) and aspirin (ED(50)=128.7 mg/kg). Molecular modeling studies for 9f showed that the SO(2)NH(2) group assumes a position within the secondary pocket of the COX-2 active site wherein the SO(2)NH(2) oxygen atom is hydrogen bonded to the H90 residue (2.90Å), the SO(2)NH(2) nitrogen atom forms a hydrogen bond with L352 (N⋯O=2.80Å), and the acetyl group is positioned in the vicinity of the S530 residue where the acetyl oxygen atom undergoes hydrogen bonding to L531 (2.99Å).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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