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Patient Educ Couns. 2012 Apr;87(1):101-7. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2011.07.021. Epub 2011 Sep 3.

Does motivational interviewing counseling time influence HIV-positive persons' self-efficacy to practice safer sex?

Author information

1
Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study examined the impact of motivational interviewing (MI) counseling time on self-efficacy to practice safer sex for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA).

METHODS:

In 4 month intervals we followed a cohort of 490 PLWHA for 12 months. We conducted hierarchical linear regression models to examine changes in safer sex self-efficacy when participants received zero, low to moderate (5-131 min) and high (132-320 min) doses of MI time. We conducted a similar analysis using number of counseling sessions as the predictor variable.

RESULTS:

Participants with low to moderate doses of MI counseling had 0.26 higher self-efficacy scores than participants with zero MI time (p=0.01). Also, they had 0.26 lower self-efficacy scores than participants with high amounts of MI time (p=0.04). Participants with high doses of MI had a 0.5 higher self-efficacy score than participants with zero amount of MI time (p<0.0001). Participants who received 3-4 counseling sessions had 0.41 greater self-efficacy scores than participants who did not receive any sessions (p<0.0001) but did not differ from participants receiving 1-2 sessions.

CONCLUSION:

MI time is a key to enhancing safer sex self-efficacy among PLWHA.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

Safer sex self-efficacy improves the more MI counseling time and sessions PLWHA receive.

PMID:
21890300
PMCID:
PMC3782534
DOI:
10.1016/j.pec.2011.07.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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