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Neurologia. 2012 Nov-Dec;27(9):560-74. doi: 10.1016/j.nrl.2011.06.002. Epub 2011 Sep 3.

Guidelines for the preventive treatment of ischaemic stroke and TIA (I). Update on risk factors and life style.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
hplapazneuro@meditex.es

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To update the ad hoc Committee of the Cerebrovascular Diseases Study Group of The Spanish Neurological Society guidelines on prevention of ischaemic stroke (IS) and transient ischaemic attack (TIA).

METHODS:

We reviewed available evidence on risk factors and means of modifying them to prevent ischaemic stroke and TIA. Levels of evidence and recommendation grades are based on the classification of the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine.

RESULTS:

This first section summarises the recommendations for action on the following factors: blood pressure, diabetes, lipids, tobacco and alcohol consumption, diet and physical activity, cardio-embolic diseases, asymptomatic carotid stenosis, hormone replacement therapy and contraceptives, hyperhomocysteinemia, prothrombotic states and sleep apnea syndrome.

CONCLUSIONS:

Changes in lifestyle and pharmacological treatment for hypertension, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia, according to criteria of primary and secondary prevention, are recommended for preventing ischemic stroke.

PMID:
21890241
DOI:
10.1016/j.nrl.2011.06.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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