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Lancet. 2011 Sep 3;378(9794):944-52. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60970-7.

Adverse health consequences of US Government responses to the 2001 terrorist attacks.

Author information

1
Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA. blevy@igc.org

Abstract

In response to the attacks on Sept 11, 2001 (9/11), and the related security concerns, the USA and its coalition partners began a war in Afghanistan and subsequently invaded Iraq. The wars caused many deaths of non-combatant civilians, further damaged the health-supporting infrastructure and the environment (already adversely affected by previous wars), forced many people to migrate, led to violations of human rights, and diverted resources away from important health needs. After 9/11 and the anthrax outbreak shortly afterwards, the USA and other countries have improved emergency preparedness and response capabilities, but these actions have often diverted attention and resources from more urgent health issues. The documentation and dissemination of information about the adverse health effects of these wars and about the diversion of resources could help to mitigate these consequences and prevent their recurrence.

PMID:
21890059
DOI:
10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60970-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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