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J Mol Diagn. 2011 Nov;13(6):701-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jmoldx.2011.07.004. Epub 2011 Sep 1.

Novel, improved sample preparation for rapid, direct identification from positive blood cultures using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry.

Author information

1
Max von Pettenkofer Institute for Hygiene and Medical Microbiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany. schubert@med.uni-muenchen.de

Abstract

Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is widely used for rapid and reliable identification of bacteria and yeast grown on agar plates. Moreover, MALDI-TOF MS also holds promise for bacterial identification from blood culture (BC) broths in hospital laboratories. The most important technical step for the identification of bacteria from positive BCs by MALDI-TOF MS is sample preparation to remove blood cells and host proteins. We present a method for novel, rapid sample preparation using differential lysis of blood cells. We demonstrate the efficacy and ease of use of this sample preparation and subsequent MALDI-TOF MS identification, applying it to a total of 500 aerobic and anaerobic BCs reported to be positive by a Bactec 9240 system. In 86.5% of all BCs, the microorganism species were correctly identified. Moreover, in 18/27 mixed cultures at least one isolate was correctly identified. A novel method that adjusts the score value for MALDI-TOF MS results is proposed, further improving the proportion of correctly identified samples. The results of the present study show that the MALDI-TOF MS-based method allows rapid (<20 minutes) bacterial identification directly from positive BCs and with high accuracy.

PMID:
21889611
PMCID:
PMC3194056
DOI:
10.1016/j.jmoldx.2011.07.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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