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Emerg Infect Dis. 2011 Sep;17(9):1659-63. doi: 10.3201/eid1709.100960.

Endemic scrub typhus-like illness, Chile.

Author information

1
School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Abstract

We report a case of scrub typhus in a 54-year-old man who was bitten by several terrestrial leeches during a trip to Chiloé Island in southern Chile in 2006. A molecular sample, identified as related to Orientia tsutsugamushi based on the sequence of the16S rRNA gene, was obtained from a biopsy specimen of the eschar on the patient's leg. Serologic analysis showed immunoglobulin G conversion against O. tsutsugamushi whole cell antigen. This case and its associated molecular analyses suggest that an Orientia-like agent is present in the Western Hemisphere that can produce scrub typhus-like illness. The molecular analysis suggests that the infectious agent is closely related, although not identical, to members of the Orientia sp. from Asia.

PMID:
21888791
PMCID:
PMC3322051
DOI:
10.3201/eid1709.100960
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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