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Arch Iran Med. 2011 Sep;14(5):339-40. doi: 0010.

A cholera outbreak associated with drinking contaminated well water.

Author information

1
Molecular Biology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cholera has been a significant public health challenge in many communities. An outbreak of acute diarrheal illness occurred among participants in a wedding ceremony in a village in Qazvin, Iran, in 2008. We conducted an epidemiological, environmental and microbiological investigation to determine the causative agent, source and extent of this outbreak.

METHODS:

Clinical and environmental samples were collected and analyzed for the presence of diarrhea-causing bacterial organisms, which included Vibrio cholera. The relationship between the strains was determined using enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR).

RESULTS:

The attack rate was 21.8%. Clinical and environmental samples were positive for V. cholerae serotype Inaba. All tested isolates had a similar ERIC-PCR pattern, which indicated that a single clone of V. cholerae was responsible for this outbreak.

CONCLUSION:

Our findings demonstrated that well water was the source of this outbreak.

PMID:
21888459
DOI:
0010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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