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J Clin Immunol. 2011 Dec;31(6):977-84. doi: 10.1007/s10875-011-9573-z. Epub 2011 Sep 2.

Altered proportions of naïve, central memory and terminally differentiated central memory subsets among CD4+ and CD8 + T cells expressing CD26 in patients with type 1 diabetes.

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Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pisa, Via Roma 67, 56126, Pisa, Italy.


Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune process predominantly T-cell mediated. CD26 plays a role in T-cell costimulation, migration, memory development, thymic maturation and emigration patterns. In peripheral blood from 55 patients with type 1 diabetes and 20 healthy controls, CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells expressing CD26 were differentiated into naïve (N, CD45RA(+)CCR7(+)), central memory (CM, CD45RA(-)CCR7(+)), effector memory (EM, CD45RA(-)CCR7(-)), and terminally differentiated effector memory (TEMRA, CD45RA(+)CCR7(-)). In type 1 diabetes, CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells expressing CD26 showed a distinctive differentiation profile: percentages and absolute numbers of CM and N cells were reduced, whereas those of TEMRA cells were markedly increased. The indices of intermediate- and long-term glycaemic control were associated negatively with the number of CM and N cells while positively with the number of TEMRA cells. The considerable accumulation of TEMRA T cells in our patients suggests life-long stimulation by protracted antigen exposure (viruses, other agents or residual self-antigens?) or a homeostatic defect in the regulation/contraction of immune responses.

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