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PLoS One. 2011;6(8):e23897. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0023897. Epub 2011 Aug 24.

Inverse association between methylation of human papillomavirus type 16 DNA and risk of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grades 2 or 3.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America. longfu@u.washington.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The clinical relevance of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) DNA methylation has not been well documented, although its role in modulation of viral transcription is recognized.

METHODS:

Study subjects were 211 women attending Planned Parenthood clinics in Western Washington for routine Papanicolaou screening who were HPV16 positive at the screening and/or subsequent colposcopy visit. Methylation of 11 CpG dinucleotides in the 3' end of the long control region of the HPV16 genome was examined by sequencing the cloned polymerase chain reaction products. The association between risk of CIN2/3 and degree of CpG methylation was estimated using a logistic regression model.

RESULTS:

CIN2/3 was histologically confirmed in 94 (44.5%) of 211 HPV16 positive women. The likelihood of being diagnosed as CIN2/3 increased significantly with decreasing numbers of methylated CpGs (meCpGs) in the 3' end of the long control region (P(for trend) = 0.003). After adjusting for HPV16 variants, number of HPV16-positive visits, current smoking status and lifetime number of male sex partners, the odds ratio for the association of CIN2/3 with ≥4 meCpGs was 0.31 (95% confidence interval, 0.12-0.79). The proportion of ≥4 meCpGs decreased appreciably as the severity of the cervical lesion increased (P(for trend) = 0.001). The inverse association remained similar when CIN3 was used as the clinical endpoint. Although not statistically significant, the ≥4 meCpGs-related risk reduction was more substantial among current, as compared to noncurrent, smokers.

CONCLUSION:

Results suggest that degree of the viral genome methylation is related to the outcome of an HPV16 cervical infection.

PMID:
21887341
PMCID:
PMC3161083
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0023897
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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