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J Glob Infect Dis. 2011 Jul;3(3):285-92. doi: 10.4103/0974-777X.83537.

An update on crimean congo hemorrhagic Fever.

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Department of Virology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.


Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is one of the deadly hemorrhagic fevers that are endemic in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, and the Middle East. It is a tick-borne zoonotic viral disease caused by CCHF virus of genus Nairovirus (family Bunyaviridae). CCHF not only forms an important public health threat but has a significant effect on the healthcare personnel, especially in resource-poor countries. India was always a potentially endemic area until an outbreak hit parts of Gujarat, taking four lives including the treating medical team. The current review is an attempt to summarize the updated knowledge on the disease particularly in modern era, with special emphasis on nosocomial infections. The knowledge about the disease may help answer certain questions regarding entry of virus in India and future threat to community.


Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever; Nosocomial; Update

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