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Cogn Neurodyn. 2010 Sep;4(3):179-88. doi: 10.1007/s11571-010-9119-8. Epub 2010 Jun 18.

Visual pattern recognition based on spatio-temporal patterns of retinal ganglion cells' activities.

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1
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dong-Chuan Road, Shanghai, 200240 China.

Abstract

Neural information is processed based on integrated activities of relevant neurons. Concerted population activity is one of the important ways for retinal ganglion cells to efficiently organize and process visual information. In the present study, the spike activities of bullfrog retinal ganglion cells in response to three different visual patterns (checker-board, vertical gratings and horizontal gratings) were recorded using multi-electrode arrays. A measurement of subsequence distribution discrepancy (MSDD) was applied to identify the spatio-temporal patterns of retinal ganglion cells' activities in response to different stimulation patterns. The results show that the population activity patterns were different in response to different stimulation patterns, such difference in activity pattern was consistently detectable even when visual adaptation occurred during repeated experimental trials. Therefore, the stimulus pattern can be reliably discriminated according to the spatio-temporal pattern of the neuronal activities calculated using the MSDD algorithm.

KEYWORDS:

Multi-unit recording; Multiple spike train analysis; Pattern recognition; Population activity

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