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Cancer Gene Ther. 2011 Oct;18(10):744-50. doi: 10.1038/cgt.2011.47. Epub 2011 Sep 2.

Mining the adenovirus virome for oncolytics against multiple solid tumor types.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Abstract

Although there are 55 serotypes of adenovirus (Ad) that infect humans, Ad serotype 5 (Ad5) is the most widely studied because of the availability of commercial kits for its genetic manipulation. In fact, engineered Ad 5 is currently being used in all of the 87 global clinical trials utilizing Ad for the treatment of cancer. Unfortunately, Ad5 is one of the most seroprevalent serotypes, meaning that this virus has to confront additional immunological barriers to be effective in Ad5-immune patients. In this work, we compare Ad5 to 13 other adenoviral serotypes from species B, C, D and E for oncolytic potential in both immunodeficient mouse and immunocompetent hamster models. Our results indicate that species D Ads are not effective oncolytics against most solid tumors. Conversely, lower seroprevalent Ad6 and Ad11 had anti-cancer activity comparable to Ad5. This work strongly supports the consideration of Ad6-based oncolytic therapies for the treatment of breast, ovarian, kidney and liver tumors.

PMID:
21886190
PMCID:
PMC3176962
DOI:
10.1038/cgt.2011.47
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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