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Enferm Clin. 2012 Jan-Feb;22(1):35-40. doi: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2011.07.001. Epub 2011 Aug 31.

[Randomised controlled clinical trial to determine the effects of the use of birth balls during labour].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Hospital Vinalopó Salud, Elche, España. trizi29@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the effects of using birth balls (BB) during the first and second stage of labour, perineal integrity, perception of pain intensity, and safety.

METHOD:

Randomised controlled trial.

PARTICIPANTS:

18 to 35 years, nulliparous, low-risk, at term.

INTERVENTION:

Performing movements sitting on a BB during obstetric labour.

MAIN OUTCOMES:

Duration of first and second labour stages; perineal integrity; pain perception during the postpartum period and pre-post intervention, type of delivery, cause of dystocia, Apgar, neonatal ICU admission.

ANALYSIS:

Comparison of groups: Student-t for continuous variables and chi-squared test for categorical ones. Significance if P ≤.05.

RESULTS:

A total of 58 patients (34 experimental and 24 controls) were included. Times of first and second stage, and perineal integrity were similar between groups. At 4 cm. the experimental group referred less pain than the control group, 6.9 points vs 8.2 (P=.039). Difference in the perception of pain in the immediate postpartum period was 1.48 points higher in the control group (P=.003). The measurement of pain in the experimental group before the use of the BB was of 7.45 points, and after the intervention of 6.07 points (P<.001). In There were no differences between groups as regards safety-related variables.

CONCLUSION:

The use of a Birth Ball decreases obstetric labour pain perception and is safe.

PMID:
21885314
DOI:
10.1016/j.enfcli.2011.07.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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