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J Ethnopharmacol. 2011 Oct 11;137(3):1486-91. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2011.08.029. Epub 2011 Aug 22.

Terminalia macroptera, its current medicinal use and future perspectives.

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Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Section Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, The University of Oslo, PO Box 1068 Blindern, N-0316 Oslo, Norway.


The tree Terminalia macroptera (Combretaceae) is widespread in Western Africa, and in this area, different parts have been utilized in the treatment of various diseases. In this article, we report on the medicinal use of T. macroptera in three different districts in Mali (Siby, Dioïla and Dogonland), based on interviews with 78 healers in these districts. Roots, root bark, stem bark, leaves and fruits have all been employed by healers, as has parasitic Loranthus species growing on the tree. Major areas of use comprise treatment of wounds and sores, infections, pain, cough, tuberculosis and hepatitis. Some of the medicinal uses of T. macroptera appear to be rationally explained by its chemical constituents.

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