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Environ Microbiol. 2011 Nov;13(11):2833-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2011.02565.x. Epub 2011 Aug 30.

Biologically threatened dolphins and whales.

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University of Teramo, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, 64100 Teramo, Italy.


Among the several threats to which free-ranging cetaceans are exposed, a number of biological noxae are believed to represent a serious hazard to their health and conservation on a global scale, with special emphasis on the Mediterranean Sea. These pathogens include viral agents such as Morbillivirus, which during the last 25 years have caused dramatic epidemics and die-offs among several aquatic mammal species and populations worldwide, as well as Herpesvirus, protozoan agents such as Toxoplasma gondii and bacterial pathogens such as Brucella spp.

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