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Clin Microbiol Infect. 2011 Oct;17(10):1549-53. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2011.03608.x. Epub 2011 Aug 29.

Value of (1-3)-β-d-glucan, Candida mannan and Candida DNA detection in the diagnosis of candidaemia.

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Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University.


This study determined the value of (1,3)-β-d-glucan (BDG), Candida mannan (MN) and Candida species-specific DNA as surrogates for diagnosis of candidaemia. Thirty-nine patients yielding Candida species in blood cultures were investigated for presence of BDG, MN and Candida species-specific DNA in serum samples. The Candida spp. bloodstream isolates included C. albicans (n = 16), C. tropicalis (n = 10), C. parapsilosis (n = 7), C. glabrata (n = 3) and C. dubliniensis (n = 3). Positivity of the three markers was as follows: Candida DNA for corresponding Candida species, 100%; BDG, 87%; MN, 59%. Despite varying sensitivities of these biomarkers, they provided a useful adjunct to the diagnosis of candidaemia.

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