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Plant J. 2011 Dec;68(6):1093-103. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-313X.2011.04762.x. Epub 2011 Oct 13.

Chromosomal rearrangements between tomato and Solanum chilense hamper mapping and breeding of the TYLCV resistance gene Ty-1.

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Wageningen UR Plant Breeding, Wageningen University, Droevendaalsesteeg 1, 6708 PB Wageningen, the Netherlands.


Tomato yellow leaf curl disease, a devastating disease of Solanum lycopersicum (tomato), is caused by a complex of begomoviruses generally referred to as Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV). Almost all breeding for TYLCV resistance has been based on the introgression of the Ty-1 resistance locus derived from Solanum chilense LA1969. Knowledge about the exact location of Ty-1 on tomato chromosome 6 will help in understanding the genomic organization of the Ty-1 locus. In this study, we analyze the chromosomal rearrangement and recombination behavior of the chromosomal region where Ty-1 is introgressed. Nineteen markers on tomato chromosome 6 were used in F(2) populations obtained from two commercial hybrids, and showed the presence of a large introgression in both. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis revealed two chromosomal rearrangements between S. lycopersicum and S. chilense LA1969 in the Ty-1 introgression. Furthermore, a large-scale recombinant screening in the two F(2) populations was performed, and 30 recombinants in the Ty-1 introgression were identified. All recombination events were located on the long arm beyond the inversions, showing that recombination in the inverted region was absent. Disease tests on progenies of informative recombinants with TYLCV mapped Ty-1 to the long arm between markers MSc05732-4 and MSc05732-14, an interval overlapping with the reported Ty-3 region, which led to the indication that Ty-1 and Ty-3 may be allelic. With this study we prove that FISH can be used as a diagnostic tool to aid in the accurate mapping of genes that were introgressed from wild species into cultivated tomato.

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