Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Microbiol. 2011 Sep;81(6):1607-22. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2011.07795.x. Epub 2011 Aug 22.

Strict regulation of morphological differentiation and secondary metabolism by a positive feedback loop between two global regulators AdpA and BldA in Streptomyces griseus.

Author information

Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agriculture and Life Science, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan.


AdpA is a global transcriptional regulator that is induced by the microbial hormone A-factor and activates many genes required for morphological differentiation and secondary metabolism in Streptomyces griseus. We confirmed that the regulatory tRNA gene bldA was required for translation of TTA-containing adpA. We also demonstrated that AdpA bound two sites upstream of the bldA promoter and activated transcription of bldA. Thus, we revealed a unique positive feedback loop between AdpA and BldA in S. griseus. Forced expression of bldA in an A-factor-deficient mutant resulted in the partial restoration of aerial mycelium formation and streptomycin production, suggesting that the positive feedback loop could prevent premature transcriptional activation of the AdpA-target genes in the wild-type strain. We revealed that the morphological defect of the bldA mutant could be attributed mainly to the TTA codons of only two genes: adpA and amfR. amfR encodes a transcriptional activator essential for aerial mycelium formation and is a member of the AdpA regulon. Thus, amfR is regulated by a feedforward mechanism involving AdpA and BldA. We concluded that the central regulatory unit composed of AdpA and BldA plays important roles in the initiation of morphological differentiation and secondary metabolism triggered by A-factor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center