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Fam Community Health. 2011 Oct-Dec;34(4):280-90. doi: 10.1097/FCH.0b013e31822b5359.

Developing a family-based diabetes program for Latino immigrants: do men and women face the same barriers?

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Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1717 11th Ave S, MT624, Birmingham, AL 35205, USA.


This study examined barriers and facilitators to diabetes self-management among Latino immigrants with diabetes and whether similarities and differences were observed by gender. Eight focus groups were conducted with 24 women and 21 men Latinos; four focus groups involved women only and four involved men only. Themes were identified using a combined deductive/inductive approach and an iterative process of consensus coding. Gender similarities and differences emerged. Barriers to self-management were primarily social for the women, whereas for men, structural aspects related to work were prominent. Interventions aimed at improving diabetes self-management among US Latino immigrants should consider tailored approaches to help men and women overcome distinct barriers.

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