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Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011;17(5):487-93. Epub 2011 Jul 27.

Effects of olmesartan on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system for patients with essential hypertension after cardiac surgery--investigation using a candesartan change-over study.

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Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchi-kamimachi, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan.



Various angiotensin II receptor blockers are widely used for the treatment of hypertension in recent years. The results of large-scale clinical studies have shown that they have various efficacies: not only hypotensive effects but also organ protective effects. In this study, the effects of a change-over from candesartan to olmesartan on renin-angiotensin-aldsterone system, cardiomegaly and peripheral circulation were studied.


Participants enrolled in this trial were outpatients with essential hypertension after cardiac surgery who had received candesartan for more than one year. Fifty-six patients switched from candesartan to olmesartan. The primary endpoints were 1) renin activity, angiotensin II, aldosterone, and 2) left ventricular mass index (LVMI).


It was clear that angiotensin II and aldosterone are decreased by the potent hypotensive effects of olmesartan in a change-over from candesartan to olmesartan. Since LVMI and BNP were decreased, inhibitory effects on myocardial hypertrophy were also confirmed.


In the present study, left ventricular hypertrophy and on arterial compliance were inhibited by a decrease in angiotensin II and aldosterone due to the change-over to olmesartan. In the future, protective effects on organs will be clarified by long-term observations.

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