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J Infect Dis. 2011 Oct 1;204(7):1003-7. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jir457.

Mixed infection and strain diversity in congenital cytomegalovirus infection.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA. sross@peds.uab.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cytomegalovirus (CMV), the most common cause of congenital infection, exhibits extensive genetic variability. We sought to determine whether multiple CMV strains can be transmitted to the fetus and to describe the distribution of genotypes in the saliva, urine, and blood.

METHODS:

Study subjects consisted of a convenience sampling of 28 infants found to be CMV-positive on newborn screening as part of an ongoing study. Genotyping was performed on saliva specimens obtained during newborn screening and urine, saliva, and blood obtained at a later time point within the first 3 weeks of life.

RESULTS:

Six (21.4%) of the 28 saliva samples obtained within the first 2 days of life contained >1 CMV genotype. Multiple CMV genotypes were found in 39% (5/13) of urine, saliva, and blood samples obtained within the first 3 weeks of life from 13 of the 28 newborns. There was no predominance of a CMV genotype at a specific site; however, 4 infants demonstrated distinct CMV strains in different compartments.

CONCLUSIONS:

Infection with multiple CMV strains occurs in infants with congenital CMV infection. The impact of intrauterine infection with multiple virus strains on the pathogenesis and long-term outcome remains to be elucidated.

PMID:
21881114
PMCID:
PMC3164425
DOI:
10.1093/infdis/jir457
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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