Send to

Choose Destination
J Glaucoma. 2012 Oct-Nov;21(8):523-9. doi: 10.1097/IJG.0b013e318227a565.

Outcomes of fornix-based versus limbus-based conjunctival incisions for glaucoma drainage device implant.

Author information

University of California, Davis Health System Eye Center, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA.



To determine the effect of conjunctival incision location on the long-term efficacy of nonvalved glaucoma drainage devices.


We conducted a retrospective review of patients ≥18 years of age with uncontrolled glaucoma [intraocular pressure (IOP) ≥18 mm Hg] who underwent glaucoma drainage device implantation. A comparison was made of a limbal-based (LB-BGI) versus fornix-based (FB-BGI) conjunctival flap during placement of a 350-mm Baerveldt glaucoma implant (AMO, Santa Ana, CA) in subjects with at least 1 year of follow-up data. The primary outcome measure was IOP; secondary outcome measures were medication burden, visual acuity, and surgical complications.


One hundred sixty eyes of 147 glaucoma patients were included. Two years after surgery, the IOP in the LB-BGI group was 14.3±5.3 mm Hg and in the FB-BGI group 13.1±4.7 mm Hg (P=0.47). Overall success of IOP control was achieved at the final visit (range 1 to 5 y) in 90% of the LB-BGI group and 87% of the FB-BGI group (P=0.63). The medication burden of the 2 groups at 1 and 2 years after surgery was not statistically significantly different. Worsening of visual acuity by more than 2 lines was not statistically different between the groups 2 years after the surgery and at the final visit (P=0.47, P=0.60, respectively). A greater number of eyes developed endophthalmitis and were more likely to undergo subsequent tube revision in the FB-BGI group, but the differences were not significant.


Both incision techniques were equally effective in controlling IOP. Each surgical approach has its advantages and this study suggests that either technique may be used safely and effectively.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center