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J Appl Psychol. 2012 Jan;97(1):225-33. doi: 10.1037/a0025332. Epub 2011 Aug 29.

Predicting the performance and innovativeness of scientists and engineers.

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Department of Management, C. T. Bauer College of Business, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204-6021, USA.


A study of 644 scientists and engineers from 5 corporate research and development organizations investigated hypotheses generated from an interactionist framework of 4 individual characteristics as longitudinal predictors of performance and innovativeness. An innovative orientation predicted 1-year-later and 5-years-later supervisory job performance ratings and 5-years-later counts of patents and publications. An internal locus of control predicted 5-years-later patents and publications, and self-esteem predicted performance ratings for both times and patents. Team-level nonroutine tasks moderated the individual-level relationships between an innovative orientation and performance ratings and patents such that the relationships were stronger in a nonroutine task environment. Implications for an interactionist framework of performance and innovativeness for knowledge workers are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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