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Eukaryot Cell. 2011 Oct;10(10):1340-7. doi: 10.1128/EC.05181-11. Epub 2011 Aug 26.

RNA-binding protein Khd1 and Ccr4 deadenylase play overlapping roles in the cell wall integrity pathway in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennoudai, Tsukuba 305-8575, Japan.


The Saccharomyces cerevisiae RNA-binding protein Khd1/Hek2 associates with hundreds of potential mRNA targets preferentially, including the mRNAs encoding proteins localized to the cell wall and plasma membrane. We have previously revealed that Khd1 positively regulates expression of MTL1 mRNA encoding a membrane sensor in the cell wall integrity (CWI) pathway. However, a khd1Δ mutation has no detectable phenotype on cell wall synthesis. Here we show that the khd1Δ mutation causes a severe cell lysis when combined with the deletion of the CCR4 gene encoding a cytoplasmic deadenylase. We identified the ROM2 mRNA, encoding a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for Rho1, as a target for Khd1 and Ccr4. The ROM2 mRNA level was decreased in the khd1Δ ccr4Δ mutant, and ROM2 overexpression suppressed the cell lysis of the khd1Δ ccr4Δ mutant. We also found that Ccr4 negatively regulates expression of the LRG1 mRNA encoding a GTPase-activating protein (GAP) for Rho1. The LRG1 mRNA level was increased in the ccr4Δ and khd1Δ ccr4Δ mutants, and deletion of LRG1 suppressed the cell lysis of the khd1Δ ccr4Δ mutant. Our results presented here suggest that Khd1 and Ccr4 modulate a signal from Rho1 in the CWI pathway by regulating the expression of RhoGEF and RhoGAP.

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