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J Magn Reson. 2011 Oct;212(2):320-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jmr.2011.07.011. Epub 2011 Jul 23.

Broad-band homo-nuclear correlations assisted by 1H irradiation for bio-molecules in very high magnetic field at fast and ultra-fast MAS frequencies.

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Physics Department, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China.


We propose a new broadband second-order proton-assisted (13)C-(13)C correlation experiment, SHANGHAI. The (13)C-(13)C magnetization transfer is promoted by (1)H irradiation with interspersed four phases super-cycling. This through-space homo-nuclear sequence only irradiates on the proton channel during the mixing time. SHANGHAI benefits from a large number of modulation sidebands, hence leading to a large robustness with respect to chemical shift differences, which permits its use in a broad MAS frequency range. At ultra-fast MAS (ν(R) 60 kHz), SHANGHAI is only efficient when the amplitude of (1)H recoupling rf-field is close to half the spinning speed (ν(1) ≈ ν(R)/2). However, at moderate to fast MAS (ν(R)=20-35 kHz), SHANGHAI is efficient at any rf-power level larger than ν(1) ≈ 10 kHz, which simultaneously permits avoiding excessive heating of bio-molecules, and using large sample volumes. We show that SHANGHAI can be employed at the very high magnetic field of 23.5 T and then allows the observation of correlation between (13)C nuclei, even if their resonance frequencies differ by more than 38 kHz.

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