Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Cardiol. 2011 Nov 15;108(10):1411-6. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2011.06.060. Epub 2011 Aug 25.

Comparison of platelet reactivity and clopidogrel response in patients ≤ 75 Years Versus > 75 years undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome.

Author information

1
Département de Cardiologie, CHU Timone, Marseille, France. thomascuisset@voila.fr

Abstract

Specific data about the clopidogrel response in elderly patients are lacking. The present study was performed to compare the platelet reactivity and clopidogrel response between patients aged > 75 years and < 75 years undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome. A total of 689 patients were enrolled, including 162 patients aged > 75 years and 527 younger patients. All patients received a loading dose of 600 mg clopidogrel followed by 150 mg/day. Post-treatment platelet reactivity was assessed by adenosine diphosphate 10 μmol/L-induced platelet aggregation and the specific pharmacologic response to clopidogrel by the platelet reactivity index vasoactive stimulated phosphoprotein. High post-treatment platelet reactivity was defined as adenosine diphosphate 10 μmol/L-induced platelet aggregation >70%. Clinical events were recorded during 1 month of follow-up. The patients > 75 years old had a greater rate of both ischemic and bleeding complications (p = 0.04 and p = 0.03, respectively). The post-treatment platelet reactivity in response to both the loading and the maintenance clopidogrel dose was greater in patients > 75 years old than in the younger patients: 50 ± 17% versus 45 ± 17% (p = 0.002) and 57 ± 15% versus 53 ± 16% (p = 0.0005), respectively. The rate of high post-treatment platelet reactivity was significantly greater in patients aged > 75 years after 600 mg and 150 mg clopidogrel: 14% versus 9% (p = 0.04) and 23% versus 15% (p = 0.02), respectively. In contrast, the pharmacologic response to clopidogrel was not impaired in patients > 75 years after loading and maintenance doses: 43 ± 21% versus 46 ± 21% (p = 0.17) and 38 ± 18% versus 39 ± 18% (p = 0.55), respectively. In conclusion, patients aged > 75 years have an impaired prognosis after acute coronary syndrome. They display greater post-treatment platelet reactivity. However, this greater platelet reactivity does not seem to be related to an impaired specific response to clopidogrel.

PMID:
21872198
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjcard.2011.06.060
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center