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Eur J Pharmacol. 2011 Nov 1;669(1-3):24-31. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2011.08.002. Epub 2011 Aug 19.

Cloning and pharmacological characterization of the dog cannabinoid CB₂receptor.

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AstraZeneca R&D Montréal, Ville Saint-Laurent, Québec, Canada.


Comparison of human, rat and mouse cannabinoid CB(2) receptor primary sequences has shown significant divergence at the mRNA and protein sequence level, raising the possibility of species specific pharmacological properties. Additionally, given the importance of the dog as a non-rodent species for predicting human safety during the drug development process, we cloned the dog CB(2) receptor gene and characterized its in-vitro pharmacological properties in a recombinant expression system. A 1.1 kb dog peripheral cannabinoid receptor (dCB(2)) fragment encoding a 360 amino acid protein was cloned from dog spleen cDNA. Analysis of the cloned dCB(2) polypeptide sequence revealed that it shares between 76 and 82% homology with rat, mouse, human and predicted chimpanzee cannabinoid CB(2) receptors. The dog CB(2) receptor expressed in CHO cells displayed similar binding affinities for various synthetic and endogenous cannabinoids as compared to those measured for the human and rat cannabinoid CB(2) receptors. However, these ligands exhibited altered functional potencies and efficacies for the dog cannabinoid CB(2) receptor, which was also found to be negatively coupled to adenylate cyclase activity. These complex pharmacological differences observed across species for the cannabinoid CB(2) receptor suggest that caution should be exerted when analyzing the outcome of animal efficacy and safety studies, notably those involving cannabinoid CB(2) receptor targeting molecules tested in the dog.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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