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Exp Lung Res. 2011 Oct;37(8):471-81. doi: 10.3109/01902148.2011.598217. Epub 2011 Aug 26.

Adenosine triphosphate-dependent calcium signaling during ventilator-induced lung injury is amplified by hypercapnia.

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Departamento de Fisiopatologia, Hospital de Clinicas, Montevideo, Uruguay.


Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is released by alveolar epithelial cells during ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) and regulates fluid transport across epithelia. High CO(2) levels are observed in patients with "permissive hypercapnia," which inhibits alveolar fluid reabsorption (AFR) in alveolar epithelial cells. The authors set out to determine whether VILI affects AFR and whether the purinergic pathway is modulated in cells exposed to hypercapnia. Control group was compared against VILI (tidal volume [Vt] = 35 mL/kg, zero positive end-expiratory pressure [PEEP]) and protective ventilation (Vt = 6 mL/kg, PEEP = 10 cm H(2)O) groups. Lung mechanics, histology, and AFR were evaluated. Alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) were loaded with Fura 2-AM to measure intracellular calcium in the presence ATP (10 μM) at 5% or 10% CO(2) as compared with baseline. High tidal volume ventilation impairs lung mechanics and AFR. Hypercapnia (HC) increases intracellular calcium levels in response to ATP stimulation. HC + ATP is the most detrimental combination decreasing AFR. Purinergic signaling in AECs is modulated by high CO(2) levels via increased cytosolic calcium. The authors reason that this modulation may play a role in the impairment of alveolar epithelial functions induced by hypercapnia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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