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Histol Histopathol. 2011 Oct;26(10):1287-94. doi: 10.14670/HH-26.1287.

Effects of angiotensin (1-7) upon right ventricular function in experimental rat pulmonary embolism.

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Department of Emergency Medicine, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, NC 28232-2861, USA.


Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction contributes to poor clinical prognosis after pulmonary embolism (PE). The present studies evaluate the effects of angiotensin (1-7) (ANG (1-7)) upon RV function during experimental PE in rats. Circulating ANG II increased 8-fold 6 hr after PE (47±13 PE vs. 6±3 pg/mL, control, p<0.05). ACE2 protein was uniformly localized in the RV myocardium of control rats, but showed a patchy distribution with some cells devoid of stain after 6 or 18 hr of PE. RV function decreased 18 hr after PE compared with control treated animals (19±4 vs. 41±1 mmHg, respectively, p<0.05; 669±98 vs. 1354±77 mmHg/sec, respectively, p<0.05), while left ventricular function (LV) was not significantly changed. Animals treated with ANG (1-7) during PE showed improved RV +dP/dt and peak systolic pressure development to values not significantly different from control animals. Protection of RV function by ANG (1-7) was associated with improved arterial blood sO2, base excess and pH. Supplemental delivery of ANG (1-7) reduced the development of RV dysfunction, suggesting a novel approach to protecting RV function in the setting of acute experimental PE.

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