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Gastric Cancer. 2012 Sep;15 Suppl 1:S108-15. Epub 2011 Aug 26.

Systematic review of pancreaticoduodenectomy for locally advanced gastric cancer.

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Division of General Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.



The purpose of this study was to identify and synthesize findings from all articles on surgical and long-term outcomes in patients with gastric cancer undergoing gastrectomy combined with pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD).


Electronic literature searches were conducted using Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases from January 1, 1985, to December 31, 2009.


Eight retrospective case series were included, with 132 patients having PD combined with gastrectomy. PD was combined with total gastrectomy in 27 patients, and subtotal gastrectomy in 81 patients; 24 patients had undocumented gastric resection type. Clinical stage was available for 92 patients (4 stage I, 7 stage II, 26 stage III, and 55 stage IV). Five studies (98 patients having PD combined with gastrectomy) compared PD and gastrectomy to gastrectomy alone. In the four studies reporting morbidity, PD had a higher morbidity. The pooled pancreatic anastomotic leak rate was 24.5% for the seven studies in which complications were reported; however, there were no peri-operative deaths. Long-term survival (37.3% at 5 years) in gastric cancer patients with PD combined with gastrectomy was described; however, survival was poor in the setting of incurable factors. Due to heterogeneity of patients and staging techniques in the case series no recommendations can be made on the appropriate selection criteria for patients undergoing PD and gastrectomy.


PD for gastric cancer invading the pancreas is associated with a higher morbidity; given the heterogeneous data, defining exact selection criteria is difficult.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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