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Prog Brain Res. 2011;194:131-44. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-444-53815-4.00011-X.

Multimodal, longitudinal assessment of intracortical microstimulation.

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The Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.


The fundamental obstacle to neuroprostheses based on penetrating microstimulation is the tissue's response to the device insertion and to the application of the electrical stimulation. Our long-term goal is to develop multichannel microstimulation of central nervous tissue for clinical therapy. The overall objective of this research is to identify the optimal parameters for a chronically implanted microstimulation device. In particular, the work presented here focuses on the effects of repeated stimulation and the reactive tissue response on the efficacy of stimulation-driven behavior. To this end, psychophysical experiments were performed using multichannel cortical implants in the auditory cortex of rats. Further, we investigated the effect of the device-tissue interfacial quality on the psychophysical threshold. Here, we report the effects of cortical depth, days postimplant on the psychophysical threshold of auditory cortical microstimulation, along with correlated impedance spectral changes and post vivo histology. We expect that these data will further enable neuroprosthetic development.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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