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Trends Biochem Sci. 1990 Feb;15(2):53-9.

Escherichia coli aspartate transcarbamoylase: the molecular basis for a concerted allosteric transition.

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Department of Chemistry, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA 02167.


Aspartate transcarbamoylase from Escherichia coli has become a model system for the study of both homotropic and heterotropic interactions in proteins. Analysis of the X-ray structures of the enzyme in the absence and presence of substrates and substrate analogs has revealed sets of interactions that appear to stabilize either the 'T' or the 'R' states of the enzyme. Site-specific mutagenesis has been used to test which of these interactions are functionally important. By combining the structural data from X-ray crystallography, and the functional data from site-specific mutagenesis a model is proposed for homotropic cooperativity in aspartate transcarbamoylase that suggests that the allosteric transition occurs in a concerted fashion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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