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J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2011 Nov;64(11):1466-74. doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2011.06.026. Epub 2011 Aug 23.

Delayed breast implant reconstruction: a 10-year prospective study.

Author information

1
Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, Denmark. hvilsom@cancer.dk

Abstract

Studies of complications following reconstructive surgery with implants among women with breast cancer are needed. As the, to our knowledge, first prospective long-term study we evaluated the occurrence of complications following delayed breast reconstruction separately for one- and two-stage procedures. From the Danish Registry for Plastic Surgery of the Breast, which has prospectively registered data for women undergoing breast implantations since 1999, we identified 559 women without a history of radiation therapy undergoing 592 delayed breast reconstructions following breast cancer during the period 1999 to 2006; 239 one-stage procedures and 353 two-stage procedures. The postoperative course through November 2009 was evaluated by cumulative incidence adjusting for competing risks for the selected outcomes; hematoma, infection, seroma, implant rupture, severe capsular contracture (modified Baker III and IV), extrusion of the implant, asymmetry/displacement of the implant, any complication, and reoperation. These analyses were performed both overall and separately according to type of procedure (one- or two-stage). The overall 10-year risk estimates were 68.1% for any complication, 7.7% for severe capsular contracture, 32.3% for displacement/asymmetry of the implant and 38.6% for reoperation. When comparing one- and two-stage procedures, we observed significantly higher risk estimates for infection, seroma and extrusion of the implant following two-stage procedures, whereas the risk of reoperation was significantly higher following the one-stage procedure. For both procedures, the majority of reoperations were due to asymmetry or displacement of the implant. In conclusion, non-radiated one- and two-stage delayed breast implant reconstructions are associated with substantial risks of complications and reoperation which should be taken into consideration in the planning of breast reconstruction.

PMID:
21865106
DOI:
10.1016/j.bjps.2011.06.026
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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