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Nat Commun. 2011 Aug 23;2:441. doi: 10.1038/ncomms1455.

Active sampling and decision making in Drosophila chemotaxis.

Author information

1
EMBL/CRG Systems Biology Unit, Center for Genomic Regulation (CRG) and UPF, 08003 Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

The ability to respond to chemical stimuli is fundamental to the survival of motile organisms, but the strategies underlying odour tracking remain poorly understood. Here we show that chemotaxis in Drosophila melanogaster larvae is an active sampling process analogous to sniffing in vertebrates. Combining computer-vision algorithms with reconstructed olfactory environments, we establish that larvae orient in odour gradients through a sequential organization of stereotypical behaviours, including runs, stops, lateral head casts and directed turns. Negative gradients, integrated during runs, control the timing of turns. Positive gradients detected through high-amplitude head casts determine the direction of individual turns. By genetically manipulating the peripheral olfactory circuit, we examine how orientation adapts to losses and gains of function in olfactory input. Our findings suggest that larval chemotaxis represents an intermediate navigation strategy between the biased random walks of Escherichia Coli and the stereo-olfaction observed in rats and humans.

PMID:
21863008
PMCID:
PMC3265367
DOI:
10.1038/ncomms1455
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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