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Korean J Physiol Pharmacol. 2011 Jun;15(3):129-35. doi: 10.4196/kjpp.2011.15.3.129. Epub 2011 Jun 30.

5-hydroxytryptamine generates tonic inward currents on pacemaker activity of interstitial cells of cajal from mouse small intestine.

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1
Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju 501-759, Korea.

Abstract

In this study we determined whether or not 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) has an effect on the pacemaker activities of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) from the mouse small intestine. The actions of 5-HT on pacemaker activities were investigated using a whole-cell patch-clamp technique, intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) analysis, and RT-PCR in ICC. Exogenously-treated 5-HT showed tonic inward currents on pacemaker currents in ICC under the voltage-clamp mode in a dose-dependent manner. Based on RT-PCR results, we found the existence of 5-HT(2B, 3, 4, and 7) receptors in ICC. However, SDZ 205557 (a 5-HT(4) receptor antagonist), SB 269970 (a 5-HT7 receptor antagonist), 3-tropanylindole - 3 - carboxylate methiodide (3-TCM; a 5-HT(3) antagonist) blocked the 5-HT-induced action on pacemaker activity, but not SB 204741 (a 5-HT(2B) receptor antagonist). Based on [Ca(2+)](i) analysis, we found that 5-HT increased the intensity of [Ca(2+)](i). The treatment of PD 98059 or JNK II inhibitor blocked the 5-HT-induced action on pacemaker activity of ICC, but not SB 203580. In summary, these results suggest that 5-HT can modulate pacemaker activity through 5-HT(3, 4, and 7) receptors via [Ca(2+)](i) mobilization and regulation of mitogen-activated protein kinases.

KEYWORDS:

5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT); Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC); Intestinal motility; Pacemaker currents

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